Bangkok nowadays has risen into such a size that people may be forgiven for believing it has at all times been the capitol of Thailand. However, this isn’t the situation. In fact, considering that the 13th century it’s the third one, the other two capitols being at the north in Sukhothai (1238-1351 AD) and Ayutthaya. Bangkok has just become the center of government since 1782 and the present Grand Palace which just about everybody visits was modeled on the style of the older palace at Ayutthaya. For more than 400 decades, 1351-1767, Thailand was governed from Ayutthaya within an era known by historians since Thailand’s”Golden Age.”
At its summit, the historic town of Ayutthaya was a truly thriving center of a nation that was the most powerful in Southeast Asia for many centuries before its sacking and plundering by the Burmese in 1767. Within their excitement to take control the commercial centre which ราชภัฏ Ayutthaya had become due to its hands on lucrative trade routes, the Burmese destroyed a lot of the Angkor style temples and took unlimited levels of wealth in the type of artefacts and stones back to Burma. Even though they were driven out significantly less than six months later, the Burmese had stopped Ayutthaya’s predominate as a capitol city as a result of thoroughness of their devastation of what had been the”gem of the East.”
But perhaps due to the proximity of Bangkok to Ayutthaya (86 km) it really is once more a booming town of over half of a million people and also the ruins of this Ayutthaya civilization attract most individuals within their right. As do the colorful markets, fine floating restaurants and pleasant quietude you’re surrounded in comparison to Bangkok.
In order to best protect their house, ancient rulers of Ayutthaya found three nearby rivers they connected by man-made canals to encircle their stunning city, making a predominantly natural moat across the city which served to defend against germs. These certainly were courted during those times by educated Japanese retailers who assembled their particular settlement just outside the city, on the opposite side of the moat, and were soon joined with other obligations assembled by English, French and Portuguese dealers from Europe.
The Kings who ruled Ayutthaya constructed walls and fortresses in addition to the moat that surrounded them, the remnants of which can still be glimpsed at certain points in the older portion of the metropolis. As well as the numerous temples which were built, there is enough staying of them today to allow one to imagine yourself back in Thailand’s golden age of prosperity. If you close your eyes for an instant in the closeness of an early ruin it isn’t hard to picture throngs of silken clad Thais within their national dress of baggy trousers cut off at the calf going about their business of their afternoon. The town now continues to be surrounded by the 3 rivers (the Chao Phraya, Lop Buri and Pa Sak) and a good way to visit the city is to take the three and a half hour boat trip up the Chao Phraya from Bangkok, coming by road or train which is roughly an hour and a half journey.
When visiting Ayutthaya, in order to acquire a taste of this metropolis, a good idea is to visit by ship again, taking a circumnavigatory excursion of the island. Boats leave from the dock from the market and the trip lasts about one hour. You may Overlook Wang Luang (the remains of the old wooden palace structures ), Wat Phra Si Sanphet, Wat Phra Ram, Wat Ratchaburana, both the Ayutthaya Study Center and two museums – the Chao Sam Phraya and Chandra Kasem.
Your short boat trip across the island will set up you for additional exploration giving you ideas of where you would like to research. 1 temple that you may find especially interesting is the aforementioned Wat Phra Ram, which has been set in 1369. It’s put at a beautifully presented garden with lotus blossoms floating in a pond surrounded by the enigmatic ruins of the temple. The sight illuminates the question of how the people in those times might have adorned and designed such complex and also artistic structures with the technology they possessed.
Yet another ancient temple worth seeing, that’s still in good repair, is Wat Phra Si Sanphet which was founded in approximately 1448.
Before leaving Ayutthaya, a must, if you’d like to go home with long-term memories, is a visit to the Chao Sam Phraya Museum. There you are going to see how Siam was determined by both the Mon and Khmer cultures. You may understand well preserved remains of Buddha pictures and mythical pictures from Thailand, India and Sri Lanka. And you’ll even have the opportunity to find some fabulous shimmering treasures of gold and jewelry in the museum’s east room that were found in Wat Ratchaburana, luckily one of the only ones not looted by the scavenging Burmese. The regalia of golden on display, the filigreed headdresses, the ornamented war-elephant filled with howdah, a sword with a crystal handle and a scabbard inlaid with precious stones, each one of these artifacts and much more provide a clue regarding how fabulous a city Ayutthaya must once have been.